By Andrew Brookes
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Un ragazzo sale su di un albero, si arrampica tra i rami, passa da una pianta all'altra, make a decision che non scenderà più. L'autore del libro non ha fatto che sviluppare questa immagine e portarla alle estreme conseguenze: il protagonista trascorre l'intera vita sugli alberi. ..
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Extra resources for Air War over Italy 1943-1945
The triennio and the emergence of Italian patriotism, 1796–99 The salient phenomenon of the triennio for all contemporary Italians was the devastation of war. Everywhere, it turned the masses against the French, making the exhortations of reactionary activists superfluous, rendering the entreaties of patriot collaborators obscene and crippling the finances of every government in northern and central Italy, whether friendly, hostile or neutral. The Army of Italy used southern Piedmont – under its direct control after the Treaty of Cherasco, April 1796 – as a larder.
63 No compromise was ever contemplated by the French, anywhere, despite their desire to employ prominent Italian magistrates. These circumstances only increased the sense of ‘otherness’ between the French and the indigenous elites, from the pinnacle of the old states, down to village level. 64 The Italian periphery In the Apennine highlands, the French thought they had found communities which, however barbarous and dangerous, comprised a spirited people of whom something might be made. The degeneracy, passivity and worldliness of the centre were to be pitied; its denizens were to be regenerated through the obliteration of their own culture.
Their first work was to undo it, a project that did, indeed, mark a vital and sudden lesson in the political education of Italy. There is much truth in the judgement of an older, nationalist historiography, that Napoleonic rule really did bring the modern state to Italy. Yet, in a manner worthy of Burkeian rebuke, they failed to see beyond this. The French missed a very great deal. Their own version of political culture – the arena of the public sphere – was all that mattered. They saw only superstition – religion – and decadence among the Italian elites.