A Grammar of Toqabaqita by Lichtenberk, Frantisek

By Lichtenberk, Frantisek

Toqabaqita is an Austronesian language spoken via nearly 13,000 humans at the island of Malaita within the south-eastern Solomon Islands. This two-volume grammar is the 1st complete description of the language, in accordance with the author's box paintings. The grammar bargains with the phonology, morphology, syntax, and discourse styles of the language, in addition to with its touch with Solomon Islands Pijin. will probably be of precise curiosity to typologists and to experts in Austronesian linguistics.

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E. f. g. ) ‘paddle’ ‘spear’ ‘woman’ ‘heron’ ‘be sour’ ‘whisper’ ‘laugh’ Grammatical morphemes may consist of one or more than one syllable: (2-19) a. b. c. d. e. n/ irrealis marker 1sg nonfuture subject marker 3sg object suffix ventive directional assertive marker Grammatical elements of more than two syllables are normally morphemically complex, even though their morphemic make-up may have been obscured by historical developments. a/ and a third person dual object suffix of the same form. These are treated in this grammar as unanalyzed wholes, although they are clearly related to the corresponding plural forms /-da/.

In other cases, the reduplicated forms are lexical items of their own that have only a historical relation to their original bases; for example, /n++-n+7/ ‘grease (in food)’ and /n+7/ ‘coconut’. 5. Cliticization and fusion With some exceptions, monosyllabic grammatical elements cliticize to the preceding word in the clause, if there is one. ’ /lap's+ m‹p+/ Since such grammatical elements have no stress of their own, in some cases such cliticization results in an additional syllable of the host being stressed in order for sequences of more than two unstressed syllables next to each other not to arise.

And /bnnr-a k+l7/ ‘the bottom of a hole’ was rendered as /bnmnrama k+m+l7m7/, rather than /bnmnnmnrama k+m+l7m7/. The /nn/ sequence in /bnnr-a/ is the result of a metathesis. The basic form of the word for ‘bottom’ is /bnrn/. 2); that is, /bnnr-a/, rather than */bnrn-a/ (or /*bnrn-na/, with the other allomorph of the personal suffix). Nevertheless, the Pig-Latin speaker treated the /nn/ sequence as if it were monosyllabic. 3 Stress 19 ceivable there there is an optional alternative rule whereby ViVi sequences are rendered in Pig-Latin as /VimVi/, with only an /m/ inserted between the two vowels rather than with two extra syllables.

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