By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of outdated English, quantity 1: Phonology was once a landmark ebook that during the intervening years has no longer been exceeded in its intensity of scholarship and usability to the sector. With the 2011 posthumous ebook of Richard M. Hogg's Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this whole paintings.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of previous English reviews and in linguistic concept
- Takes complete good thing about the Dictionary of OldEnglish venture at Toronto, and comprises complete cross-references to the DOE info
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative concept and similar themes
- Provides fabric an important for destiny learn either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in historic sociolinguistics
Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–9):
Chapter 2 Orthography and Phonology (pages 10–51):
Chapter three The Vowels in Germanic (pages 52–65):
Chapter four The Consonants in Germanic (pages 66–73):
Chapter five outdated English Vowels (pages 74–213):
Chapter 6 Unstressed Vowels (pages 214–245):
Chapter 7 outdated English Consonants (pages 246–300):
Read or Download A Grammar of Old English: Phonology, Volume 1 PDF
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Additional info for A Grammar of Old English: Phonology, Volume 1
In the earliest Nbr texts 〈u〉 predominates over 〈o〉, but in the Merc glossaries both 〈u〉 and 〈o〉 can be found. In later texts 〈o〉 is increasingly predominant in the S, but 〈u〉 persists in Nbr especially. 1 In Kt and LWS /w/ and /o/ have certainly fallen together in a phoneme whose precise values cannot be determined, perhaps something like /Ñ/. 50–1. By the eleventh century the front and back vowels were becoming thoroughly confused, which suggests a reduction in the unstressed vowel system to simply /v/, and although this is not seen in the best LWS texts, the process of reduction may already have been at work in EWS, see Bately (1980: xliv).
Despite the fact that 〈k〉 would be unambiguous, it is much less frequently used, and is only very commonly found before y, for example, kyning ‘king’ alongside cyning. 1 Since the primary allophone of this consonant was undoubtedly velar rather than palatal, the usual transcription is /k/. Examples of /k/ are: cuman ‘come’, ldcian ‘look’, bdc ‘book’. pl. , loca ‘lock’. The only possible orthographic evidence which might suggest that there was a palatal allophone of /k/, that is, [c], before front vowels Orthography and phonology 29 comes from the Ruthwell Cross, where the symbol • is used for /k/ before a front vowel in contrast to † which is used elsewhere.
65. 50, but its overall phonemic status is much more uncertain. This stems from the restricted distribution of the stop. It is generally accepted that the voiced velar stop occurred after nasals and in gemination, for example, singan ‘sing’, sugga ‘hedge-sparrow’. There is disagreement, however, over its existence initially. 4) believe that in eOE initially 〈g〉 represented a voiced velar fricative which developed as a stop by the end of the period. 2 Since the voiced velar stop and the voiced velar fricative were in complementary distribution throughout the period, it would seem reasonable to analyse them as allophones of the same phoneme, see Kuhn (1970: 33–5) and, for a contrary view, Moulton (1954: 24–7).