By Diana M. Goodwin (auth.)
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Neuropsychology
BRODMANN'S AREAS 21 & 38 lesions: amygdala; personality and affective changes. BRODMANN'S AREAS 21, 37, & 38: middle temporal gyrus. 45 c BRODMANN'S AREA 22: superior temporal gyrus; lesion may cause auditory illusions. BRODMANN'S AREAS 22 & 42 lesions: thought to be the cause of agnosia for sounds including amusia. BRODMANN'S AREA 38: anterior temporal lobe. BRODMANN'S AREA 39: angular gyrus. BRODMANN'S AREA 39 lesion: dyslexia, deficits in reading because letters no longer form meaningful words (defect ofperception); see also Gerstmann's syndrome.
AUDITORYINATI'ENTION: patients with lateralized lesions involving the temporal lobe or central auditory pathways tend to ignore auditory signals entering the ear opposite the side of the lesions; a simple method for testing auditory inattention can be performed without special equipment by an examiner standing behind the patient so that he can deliver stimulation to each ear simultaneously or randomly, varying single and simultaneous stimuli; dichotic listening tests may be used (Kimura, 1961, 1967; Walsh, 1978).
ASSOCIATE LEARNING SUBTEST (WMS): test of verbal learning; paired word-learning task; tests recall of well-learned verbal associations and retention of new, unfamiliar verbal material; a test which may be used to expose malingering. (Gronwall, quoted in Lezak, 1983). ASSOCIATION AREAS: overlapping zones of the cortex which are involved in integration and refinement of raw percepts or simple motor responses emanating from the primary projection zones; located peripherally to functional centers where the neuronal components of two or more different functions are interspersed; lesions produce a pattern of deficits running through related functions or as an impairment of a general capacity; lesions do not produce specific sensory or motor defects.